The following analysis of the significance of the 19th Communist Party of China (CPC) Congress is by Liu Zhiqin, Senior Fellow of Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies, Renmin University of China. Its focus is not only the significance of the Congress within China but China’s international role in the strengthening of Marxism. It originally appeared in China’s Global Times.
One of the arrogant, ‘colonialist mentality’ illusions of Western analysis of China, both the ‘right’ and some sections of the ‘left’ was that Western writers knew better than China itself what was the ruling theory of China. This was the significance of the claim made in major parts of the Western media that Marxism in China was merely paid lip service to, that it was merely ‘for show’. This ‘colonialist’ intellectual illusion made many Western analysts incapable of understanding the dynamics in China.
This analysis of the 19th CPC Congress shows just how mistaken that Western idea was. China’s policy was not only based on Marxism but China’s success is now by far the most powerful force strengthening Marxism internationally after the collapse of the USSR. It is vital for those interested in progress in all countries to learn from China and it is greatly to the benefit of the international community that new global conditions make China more active in helping others learn from it. China’s impact both in general, and specifically in Marxism, will of course increase with the continuation of China’s success.
Fortunately, China upholds the principle of adapting Marxism to the Chinese context in its reform and opening-up. The astounding achievements China has made in reform and opening-up result from the practice of Marxism in China and the socialist path in line with China’s national conditions.
Xi’s report to the 19th CPC National Congress proves to the world that more than one path is available for countries striving to pursue socio-economic development and modernization. The development pattern in the West doesn’t fit all nations. China’s development experience shows that one can follow China’s path to head toward the modernization that was achieved in the developed world. If China’s path turns out to be feasible to a country home to about 1.36 billion Chinese people, it can serve as an important reference for most nations around the globe.
This is the global significance of China’s experience in its reform and opening-up as well as the value of the informative report delivered by Xi at the opening of the 19th CPC National Congress. The past five years have witnessed unprecedented progress and groundbreaking achievements.
The CPC, by training cadres and officials using strict criteria, conforming to people’s wishes and keeping up with the times has completed missions and undertakings that the West considered impossible. This is the key to the CPC’s consistent achievements.
Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. The CPC has given shape to the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era which builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of the Three Represents and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It is a long-term guide to action that the Party must adhere to and develop in a bid to address new challenges and fulfill new missions in a new era.